"Perl for Perl Newbies" - Part 2Declaring Local Variables with "my"

3. Declaring Local Variables with "my"

Variables can be made local to their own scope by declaring them using a keyword called my. When the interpreter leaves the scope, the variable will be restored to its original value.

Here's an example:

$x = 5;
$y = 1000;
    my ($y);
        print $x, "*", $y, " = ", ($x*$y), "\n";

print "Now, \$y is ", $y, "\n";

If you wish to declare more than one variable as local you should use a set of parenthesis surrounding the variable list. For example: my (@array, $scalar1, %hash, $scalar2);. If you want to declare only one variable, then they are optional.

Written by Shlomi Fish